Saturday, June 8, 2013

Pulaski Skyway, (NJ, USA)

Pulaski Skyway is an iconic bridge to me but may be an ordinary bridge to many others. Once a while I take this bridge to Jersey City to New York City. Each time it is equally thrilling experience to cross it. As Route 1 and 9 pass by Newark Airport once can see several airplanes in an inclining line to approach Newark airport. During this visit once can watch 2-3 airplanes landing on the runway although it is risky to divert your attention. And then this Skyway begins that give your an experience as if you are landing.
This bridge crosses over two rivers and then road goes straight to Holland Tunnel to Downtown Manhattan.
Pulaski Skyway
Pulaski Skyway

From this bridge you are heading straight towards Manhattan skyline. Actually you are in the middle. On your right is the uptown area and on your left is the downtown area.
Pulaski Skyway is a four-lane bridge in New Jersey. It provides the access to Holland Tunnel to New York City from New Jersey. This landmark structure has a total length of 3.502 miles (5. 636 km); its longest bridge spans 550 feet (168 m).
Pulaski Skyway
Pulaski Skyway
It runs between Newark and Jersey City, the roadway crosses Passaic and Hackensack rivers and Kearny Point, the peninsula between them. It passes several roads, streets, railroad tracks and yards and turns into Hoboken Viaduct. The Hoboken Avenue Viaduct (also called Upper Roadway) is a four lane east to west divided road in Jersey City which carries traffic via Hoboken Avenue from the Pulaski Skyway to the Holland Tunnel. The Hoboken Avenue Viaduct carries Hoboken Avenue over the Route 139 Lower Roadway.
Pulaski Skyway
Pulaski Skyway
The Lower Roadway serves as a link between the Jersey City and New York. This viaduct goes touching the Indian market in Jersey City area. If you have seen the movie “aa ab laut chalen”, this movie is filmed in this vary market touching Pulaski Skyway. Jersey City Sikh Gurdwara, Hindu Temple and Sai Baba Temples etc are withing a shouting distance from this bridge.
Designed by Sigvald Johannesson, the Pulaski Skyway opened in 1932 as the last part of the Route 1 Extension, one of the first controlled-access highways or “super-highways” The bridges have been listed on the federal and NJ state registers of historic places since 2005. This bridge was build 10 years before iconic Howrah Bridge in Howrah India. In that era, small steel plates were welded together to form long bridges. In these days it is common to see single span bridges made of single span of one piece steel beams upto 200 meters long.
Pulaski Skyway
Pulaski Skyway
Casimir Pulaski; March 6, 1745 – October 11, 1779) was a Polish military commander who has been called “the father of American cavalry”. He was born in Warsaw and was involved in the military and the revolutionary affairs in Poland at that time. He never married, and had no descendants. He fought against Russian domination of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was driven into exile and following the endorsement of Benjamin Franklin he emigrated to North America to help in the cause of the American Revolution and freedom. He saved the life of George Washington and became a general in the Continental Army, and when he created the Pulaski Cavalry Legion and reformed the American cavalry.
Pulaski Skyway
Pulaski Skyway
At the Battle of Savannah while leading a daring charge against British forces he was mortally wounded and died shortly thereafter. Pulaski is one of only seven people to be awarded honorary United States citizenship.
Another unique feature of this bridge is the two entrances in the midway, one in the Jersey City and another in the Karney.
Driving on this bridge is a feast to all senses but actually not for driver but for the passengers. Driver must focus upon the driving. Both Passaic and Hackensack rivers makes a short delta before merging into the delta of Hudsan area and creating a spectacular view.
If you have a keen eyes you can locate statue of liberty across the Jersey City, it is barely 3 miles from here. Several of New Jersey’s railroad draw bridges too can be seen from the heights of the skyway. Both rivers below bridge have commercial marine traffic.
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Ailanthus Glandulosa
Commonly known as tree of heaven.
This is the most invasive tree grows at the bottom of Pulaski Skyway. This tree is also successfully grown in arid parts of India but has not become much popular because it cannot be fed to animals and wood is of no use. It grows extremely fast and becomes a handsome shade giving tree. Even goat don’t want to eat it so it can grow successfully. It is being planted in the denuded external hills of Himalayas and also in the Rajasthan and arid parts of India.
LECTURES ON HOMŒOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA
by JAMES TYLER KENT, A.M., M.D.
Late Professor of Materia Medica in Hering College, Chicago.
Presented by Dr Robert Séror
Ailanthus Glandulosa
Generalities: This medicine is especially suitable in the low zymotic forms of sickness, such as we find in diphtheria and scarlet fever, in blood poisoning and in symptomatic typhoids, especially those cases that are characterized by capillary congestion in spots, red mottled spots.
Scarlet: Perhaps the most striking manifestation of such a low type of sickness is malignant scarlet fever. The regular rash does not come out, but in its place red spots, roseola-like, make their appearance; the usual uniform spread of the eruption has failed, or has been suppressed, and there is bleeding from the gums and nose, and dreadful tumefaction in the throat.

Ailanthus Glandulosa
The countenance is purple and besotted, the eyes are congested and there is even bleeding from the eyes. There is an appearance of great prostration, but it is really stupefaction; he seems stupid and benumbed.
If you look at the throat you see it is covered with little purple patches, intermingled with an oedematous appearance similar to that found in Baptisia. It is a low depressed type of sickness.
De composition of the blood is going on rapidly. The blood that oozes is black. The child is going into a state of stupor and it is with difficulty that he can be aroused. Sometimes blisters are formed on the ends of fingers, or here and there over the body. From the mouth and nose come foetid odors. The child is going as rapidly as possible into a form of malignant disease.

Ailanthus Glandulosa
Sometimes the disease comes on as a light febrile attack, but from taking cold and suppressing some of the natural manifestations the case takes on a low typhoid form and whereas you had at first only a simple remittent, the case has now assumed a state of prostration with a very rapid heart, foetor, purpleness or blueness, a passive congestion with purple blotches of the skin, causing a mottled appearance.

Ailanthus Glandulosa
When a disease turns so suddenly blood poisoning is going on and a symptomatic typhoid state appears. A remittent that turns into a sharp zymotic state in the course of twenty-four hours, a diphtheria that takes on this form with stupidity and mottled skin are examples of such a type of sickness.

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